To give the Azaan for Namaaz is proven from the Holy Quran-e-Majeed.
Almighty Allah says in the Glorious Quran: "And
when you call the Azaan for Salaah".
The Ulema have stated that to give Azaan for the five daily Salaah including
Jummah Salaah, is Sunnat-e-Mu'akadah and if the
Azaan is not given by anyone, then the people of the entire area are sinners
individually. With the exception of the Fardh Namaaz, there is no Azaan for the two Eids, Witr, Janazah Salaah or any Nafil
Salaah. The time for Azaan is the same time as
that of Namaaz. It is not permissible to give any Azaan before the time of that
One who gives the Azaan must be a Sunni Sahihul Aqeedah person who is in his
proper sense of mind. If Azaan is given
without Wudhu, it will be complete, but it is not correct to do so. It is not
permissible for a person who is in an impure state, an
insane person, an intoxicated person or a Faasiq (open sinner) to call out the
Azaan. It is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi for women to
give the Azaan or Iqaamah. Azaan must be given standing facing the direction of
the Qibla, with the index fingers in the ears. The Azaan must be called out with a loud voice, pausing after each Takbeer. The
Azaan must be given outside the actual
Musjid and not inside as this is Khilaaf-e-Sunnah (against the Sunnah) and
Makrooh. This law even applies to the Azaan of the
Jummah Khutba. Azaan should not be given in front of the Mimbar, but outside the
main Musjid, but standing in line with the
Khateeb. It is desirable to read Durood Shareef before and after the Azaan.
To reply to the words of Azaan is Mustahab. The method of doing this, is to
repeat after the Mu'azzin the words of Azaan, but
when he says "Ash hadu an'na Muhammadur Rasoolullah" then you should kiss your
thumb nails and rub them over your
eyes. This should be done by saying "Sallal laahu alaika Ya Rasoolallah" the
first time, and "Qurratu Aini bika Ya
Rasoolallah" the second time. Then say, "Allahuma Mati'ni Bis Sam'i Wal Basari".
Whoever does this, will be blessed with
entering Jannatul Firdous through the Shifa'ah (intercession) of the Holy
Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), He will never
lose his eyesight, and his eyes will never be sore.
When the Mu'azzin says, "Hayya Alas Salaah" and "Hayya Alal Falah", then you
should say, "Laa Howla Wa laa
Quw'wata illa Billahil Aliyul Azeem". In the Azaan of Fajr, when the Mu'azzin
says, "As Salaatu Khairum minan Naum",
then you should say, "Sadaqtu Wa Barartu".
It is not allowed to give answer to the Azaan during the Khutba of Jummah, or
to kiss the thumbs or to recited Durood Shareef
aloud. It is important to remain silent and listen to the Khutba. When Azaan is
read, all talking should stop. Even if a person is
reciting the Quran, he should stop and answer the Azaan. Even when walking on
the street, one should stop and give answer to
the Azaan when it is heard. If in your area, you are able to hear the Azaan of
various Masaajid, then you should answer the first
Azaan that you hear. In one Hadith, The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam) has stated: "Freedom from the fire of
Hell is written for that Muslim who calls out the Azaan for seven years."
BENEFIT IN THE ANSWER TO AZAAN: Once while speaking to a group of women
Huzoor-e-Anwar (sallal laahu
alaihi wasallam) said: "When Hazrat Bilal (radi Allahu anhu) calls out the Azaan
and Takbeer, then say as he says,
since for every Kalma (word) Almighty Allah will bless you with one hundred
thousand good deeds, He will exalt your
status by one thousand folds and He will forgive your one thousand sins". The
women then asked, "And what is (the
reward) for the menfolk ?" The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied,
"Double that amount."
Let us take some time to ponder on this fact, that in the Azaan of one day,
there are seventy seven words, and in the Iqaamah
of one day there are 85 words. If the Sawaab for the women was so great then
imagine it being doubled for the men. Then think that this is for one day, what is the Sawaab of that person whose daily
practice this is. Subhan-Allah!
DU'A AFTER THE AZAAN: "Allahuma Rabba Haazihi Da'watit Tamati Was Salaatil
Qaa'imati Aati Sayyidina
Muhammadinil Wasilata Wal Fadilata Wad Darajatar Rafi'ata Wab Athoo Maqaamam
Mahmoodanil Lazi Wa ad'tahu
War zukna Shafa'atuhu Yaumal Qiyaamati. Inaka La Tukhli ful Mi'aad."
"O Lord of this beautiful Azaan and the Salaah which will follow, give our
Master Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam's) Wasila and greatness and a very high station. And let him reach the
Plain of Mahmood of which You have
promised him and let us receive his Intercession on the Day of Qiyamah. Without
doubt, You never go against Your
OTHER INSTANCES WHERE AZAAN CAN BE GIVEN: With the exception of Namaaz, it is
(desirable) to give Azaan in the following instances:-
- To give Azaan at times of fear brings tranquillity.
- During an uncontrollable fire. Insha-Allah, the fire will be quickly
- Azaan can be given in the ears of a person to remove fear and sadness.
- At the birth of a child, Azaan should be given in the right ear and
Iqaamah in the left ear.
- Azaan can be given at the grave-side to give Sukoon (tranquillity) to the
- Give Azaan to cure somebody who is affected by Jinnaat or Shaitaan.
- During the time of storm.
- To ask for rain during drought, or to stop a heavy storm.
- When lost in a forest, by giving Azaan, someone will show you your way.
- Giving Azaan in your business or residence, will increase Barakah