The Sunni Muslim community should be fully aware and
forewarned of the new fitna presently perpetrated by some Wahabi/Najdi
based organisations locally and overseas on the Internet regarding the
issue of an old Fatwa against Eid-e-Meelad-un Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam) by "Sheikh" Abdul Aziz bin Baaz of Saudi Arabia. The Fatawa
of such like must be met with the fiercest of opposition and open condemnation
from all circles.
This Fatwa was obviously instituted on the Internet, (which
is accessed by thousands of computer users), by these "theological" bodies
as a flagrant attack on the Imaan and Aqeeda of Sunni Muslims or the righteous
followers of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah, of whose beliefs and teachings
the majority of Muslims the world over ascribe to.
Muslims must also take cognizance of the fact that among
his other Fatawa, Bin Baaz of the Saudi Government is also on record for
having issued a Fatwa declaring as un-Islamic the Palestinian people's
uprising against the Jewish State of Israel, but at the same time not fulfilling
his duty in his own country in issuing Fatawa against the evil practices
of the Saudi Royal Family, such as gambling, horseracing, etc. Should this
not be his first duty as the Head of Department of Islamic Researches Ifta
According to the great Muhaddith, Shamsuddeen Muhammad
as-Sakhaawi (d.902 A.H.), the assembling for Meelad in Muslim history began
in the 3rd Century A.H., but Ibn Taymiya (d.728 A.H.), almost five centuries
later, was the first to begin argumentation and contention against this
In conformity with Ibn Taymiya's beliefs and views which
are incompatible with the beliefs of Islam, Bin Baaz, until a few years
ago, publicised his condemnation of Meelad-un Nabi by publishing a Fatwa.
This Fatwa was met with strong disapproval and displeasure in the Muslim
world the majority of whom regard the celebration of Meelad-un Nabi as
a beneficial and desirous act.
In opposition and reply to Sheikh Bin Baaz' Fatwa, the
distinguished Arab Scholar, Sheikh Sayyid Alawi Maliki, who is an Ustaz
of Hadith in the Haram Shareef in Makkah, produced a clear, decisive and
well-supported argument in Arabic on the permissibility of Meelad-un Nabi.
Sheikh Sayyid Alawi, in his book "Holal Ihtefaal Bezikra-al Moulidin
Nabawee al-Shareef" raised some very serious questions to Bin Baaz.
He questioned Bin Baaz about his views on the innovations which are being
practised "here" (in the Haram Shareef) and which were never practised
before, neither in the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
time, nor in the period of the Sahaba-Ikraam or of the Salf-e-Saleheen
(ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in). The practices, which Sheikh Alawi mentioned
were those such as:
Muslims, however, must realise that the Ulema have accepted
such practices as Bid'ah, but Bid'ah-e-Hasanah.
- THE FORMING OF A CONGREGATION TO PERFORM TAHAJJUD SALAAH BEHIND AN IMAAM.
- THE RECITATION OF DU'A AFTER THE QURAN HAS BEEN COMPLETED
AT THE END OF RAMADAAN IN TARAWEEH PRAYER.
- THE GATHERING OF PEOPLE ON THE 27TH OF RAMADAAN AT
THE TIME OF TAHAJJUD WHERE THE IMAAM DELIVERS A SERMON.
- THE CALL OF THE MUEZZIN, WHO LOUDLY RECITES "SALAATUL
Also in opposition to Sheikh Bin Baaz' Fatwa, Sheikh Sayed
Hashim al-Rifa'ie of Kuwait produced a lengthy Fatwa on the permissibility
of Meelad-un Nabi celebrations which triggered off a tremendous increase
in Meelad-un Nabi celebrations amongst the Arab populations of the cities
of Makkah, Madinah, Jeddah, Ta'if, etc. and in the Gulf States.
An academic scholar, Sheikh Dr. Muhammad Abduhu Yamani,
the Director of Darul Qibla Institute in Jeddah, who was also the ex-Minister
of Information till 1983, and a renowned author in both the Arabic and
English languages, recently on the ocassion of Meelad-un Nabi celebration
had written a detailed essay entitled "Assalatu Wassalaamu Alaika Ya
Rasoollallah," which was published in the daily newspaper "Ash Sharqul
Ausat." This article was published on the 12th of Rabbi-ul-Awwal in
1987, on page 12 of this popular newspaper.
His very constructive essay, full of proofs, was well
received by the Arabs, and Alhamdulillah, today there is a massive
silent movement, known as "Irji'oo Ila Rasoolillah" or "Return to
Rasoolullah", in progress. This is a clear reflection and indication that
the Arab Muslims have become fully aware of the evils of the Wahabi beliefs
and have now turned to reinstating the love of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu
alaihi wasallam) as the foundation stone of their Imaan.
At the present moment, the Saudi capital in Riyadh has
published a 300 page book titled "Al Deobandiyah" written by Sheik
Tuwaijeeri which exposes, with proof, the corrupt beliefs of the Ulema
of Deoband and how they deviated from Islam on the basis of Aqaa'id. In
the light of this new fact, perhaps these "theological bodies," in re-issuing
Bin Baaz'old Fatwa, with additions in the English language, are planning
to welcome Bin Baaz to South Africa in order to establish some influence
which could be used to eliminate the present sanctions applied to the Tabligh
Jamaat activities in Saudi Arabia. However, this may not be possible, as
everyone in the Arab world today is becoming aware of the deceit of the
Tabligh Jamaat movement.
Almost 600 years ago Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (b.911
A.H.) had written a treatise on Meelad-un Nabi called "Hasnul Maqsid
Fi Amalil Maulid" in which he stated that such a celebration is certainly
permissible and Mustahab. In fact, so much has been written on this subject
in various languages that there are abundant books to complete a library.
Inspite of this, a specific group have always opposed this celebration
and had no further proof to offer in support of their argument, other than
saying that it is a Bid'ah.
For centuries, the Ulema-e-Deen have produced the Shar'i
definition of Bid'ah as an innovation which can be good or bad (Sai'yah
or Hasanah). Meelad-un Nabi has been identified as Bid'ah Hasanah, in the
same manner as the application of I'raab (Use of zabbar, zehr, pesh, etc.)
in the Holy Quran, and the performance of Taraweeh Salaah; in the same
manner as the construction of places of learning, e.g. Darul Ulooms, etc.
for dissemination of education; in the same manner as Dastaar Bandi which
is held on completion of Islamic courses; and the graduation ceremonies
which are held on completion of Bukhari Shareef, etc. in Darul Ulooms.
These actions were never practised before, neither in the Prophet's (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam) time, nor in the period of the Sahaba-Ikraam
or of the Salf-e-Saleheen.
If one has to take the literal meaning of the word "Bid'ah"
and abandon or discard the Shar'i meaning, then the Ij'tima for Tableegi
purposes will be Bid'ah; the making of Ghusht will be Bid'ah; engaging
in Chilla would be Bid'ah; publication of books would be Bid'ah, etc. -
all of which would be classed as detestable in the extreme. However, such
application of the literal meaning of "Bid'ah" cannot be found during the
entire period of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), neither
can it be found in the period of the Sahabah, nor in the period of Taba'i
(ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in).
We wish to close this article by quoting to you a few
authentic books from the thousands available written in earlier centuries
by very renowned Ulama and Muhadditheen of that period on the permissibility
of the celebrations of Meelad-un Nabi. Some of these books are:
- Al Mouridil Raweefil fi-Maulideena Nabawee
by Imam Mulla Ali Qari
- At-Ta'rif bil-Mawlidish 'sh-Sharif by
Ibn Asir Muhammad al-Jazri (d.833 A.H.)
- Jameeul Aasaar fee Maulidin Nabeeul Muqhthar
by Imam Hafiz bin Nasirudeen Damishqi
- Al Fazlur Raaiq fee Mauludi Khairul Khalaaik
by Imam Hafiz bin Nasirudeen Damishqi
- Mauridil Saadi fi maulidil Haadi by Imam
Hafiz bin Nasirudeen Damishqi
- Al mauludil Hanni fil mauludis Sanni
by Imam Hafiz Iraqi (b.720 - d.808 A.H.)
- An Ne'matul Kubra by Imam Ibne Hajjar
- Hasanul Maqsid by Imam Hafiz Jalal ad-Din
- Meelad-ul Mustapha by Imam Ibne Katheer
- Bayaanu Meeladin Nabi by Imam Ibn Jawzi
- Jami ul-Asaar fi Mawlidil-Muhtar by ibne