All praise is due to Allah who has guided us to follow the Noble Prophet (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam), the leader of the Messengers; Who has granted
us the capacity to remain steadfast on the pillars and essential principles
of Deen Al-Islam; Who has made it easy for us to follow the footsteps and
way of our pious predecessors, to the extent that our hearts have been
illuminated with the knowledge of the Shari'ah and the conclusive
argument in favour of the evident truth; and Who has kept our internal
souls free from the contamination of falsehood.
praise and thank Him for having blessed us with the light of certainty,
and for having granted us strength and courage to continuously hold fast
to His strong rope. These favours are all out of His Bounty and Grace.
We testify that there is no deity besides Almighty Allah, Who is alone,
and has no partner or associates, and that, without doubt, our Beloved
Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the Servant and Messenger
of Allah, the Leader of those who are first and those who are last. May
Allah send His Salaams and Blessings upon him, his Household and Progeny,
his Companions and those who follow their path until the Day of Judgement
(ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in).
Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says in the Holy Qur'an: "O ye who believe! Fear
Allah, and (always) say a word directed to the Right".
Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: "Whoever believes
in Allah and the Hereafter should either say what is good, or otherwise
is every Muslim's duty to show people the truth in anticipation that they
would follow it clearly and evidently and certainly not blindly. For truth
is as clear as the sun in broad daylight. This brief introduction is due
to what we have been hearing recently, as far as the celebration of the
birthday of our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
is concerned. Falsehood is regretabally attributed to such a noble event
and mischief is stated as to the illegitimacy of celebrating such an esteemed
occasion. Thus leaving ordinary people in a state of confusion not knowing
whether they should partake in celebrating the event or otherwise. This
is so, since the people who raise objection to the Meelad feel that they
are at liberty to fabricate events in Islamic history and the traditions
of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
we felt that it is incumbent upon us, and upon those who possess knowledge
of Shari'ah, to clearly explain to the Muslim masses the truth about
Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: "Whoever
brings forth an innovation into our religion which is not part of it, it
Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) also said:
"Beware of inventive matters for every invention is an innovation and every
innovation is evil".
who quote these two Ahadith claim that the word "Kul" which means
or "ALL" which is mentioned in the above two Ahadith is used to
include everything, i.e. all kinds of innovations or "Bid'ah" without any
exception. They conclude therefore, that all innovations are "evil".
stating such an ill-fated statement, they have in fact accused the scholars
(Ulema) of the Muslim World of committing "evil" innovations, particularly
Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu). However, they quickly respond and
say: No, we did not mean the Companions (Sahaba Ikraam). In reply to that
we say, yes, indeed you did so, because you said "every" or "all" innovations
you have rejected what the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam) himself approved, i.e."Tarawih Prayers".
will now quote before you many actions which were not carried out during
the life of Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) but
were in fact done following his demise by his Companions (ridwanullahi
Zaid bin Thabit (radi Allahu anhu) said: Prophet Muhammad (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam) had passed away and the Qur'an has not been
compiled into one book! In fact, it was Hadrat Umar who told Hadrat Abu-Bakr
Allahu anhuma) to collect the Qur'an. Hadrat Abu-Bakr (radi Allahu
anhu) was hesitant at first and he actually said, "How could we
do something which the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself never
did". Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) replied, "BUT BY
ALLAH IT IS A GOOD THING". Hadrat Zaid then said Hadrat Umar kept
coming back and forth until Hadrat Abu-Bakr (radi Allahu anhuma)
sent after him and assigned him the task of compiling the Qur'an. (Bukhari
Baihaqi (radi Allahu anhu) said that Bibi Ayesha (radi Allahu
anha), a wife of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
said that Prophet Ibrahim's (alaihis-salaam) Station (Footprint)
was attached to "KAABA" during the Prophet's and Abu-Bakr's time. It was
not until the time of Hazrat Umar (radi Allahu anhuma) who changed
its original position. Ibn Hajar (radi Allahu anhu), the great Muhaddith
said: None of the companions raised any objection against Hazrat Umar
(radi Allahu anhu) for doing so and he was the first person to cover
Prophet Ibrahim's (alaihis-salaam) Station (Footprint) in the state
it is now.
Baihaqi narrated that Sayyiduna Al-Saa'eb bin Zaid (radi Allahu anhuma)
said: The first call (Azaan) for Friday Prayer commenced when the Imam
sat on the Pulpit (Mimbar). This was the practice during the Prophet's,
Hazrat Abu-Bakr's and Hazrat Umar's time. But when Hazrat Uthman came,
he introduced the second Azaan (radi Allahu anhuma).
was first introduced by Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) and he used
to teach it to people of his time. Ibn Jabir mentioned that in his book
called "Tah'theeb Al-Aa'thar" so did Imam Tabari, Ibi Assem and
Yaqoub bin Shaibah (radi Allahu anhuma).
Tabari said that Ibn Masoud (radi Allahu anhuma) used to read after
saying "As Salaam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakaatuhu", "As
Salaam Alaina Min Rabenna" (Peace be upon us from our Lord).
and Muslim both narrated that Ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhuma) use
to read "Bimillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim" before Tasha'hud.
the above Companions have in fact introduced innovations which they have
deemed beneficial and which were not practised during the life of the Prophet
(sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Hence, that these innovations where
brought about in acts of worship! What then would you say about these renowned
Companions?Are they going to be
classified among those who practise "evil" innovations!
for their (Bin Baaz, etc.) other statement which is even worse that the
first one, where it is alleged by them that in the religion of Islam there
is no such thing as "good innovation" or "Bid'ah". Let us quote the opinion
of the most renowned scholars of Islam regarding this issue.
- Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Nawawi (radi Allahu anhu) said in Vol.6, p.21 in
his "Commentary on Sahih Al-Bukhari": What the Prophet (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam) meant when he said "very" or "all" innovations,
is that it is general but restricted, i.e. that most innovations are "evil"
but not "all". In "Tahdhib Al-Asma wal Lugat" Bid'ah is explained
in Shari'ah is the invention of that which was not there in the period
of the Messenger of Allah, and it is divided into two categories Hasanah
(or good) and Qabihah (or evil)".
- Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani (radi Allahu anhu) who explained Sahih Al-Bukhari
said: "Every action which was not in practice at the Prophet's time
is called or known as Innovation, however, there are those which are classified
as 'Good' and there are those which are contrary to that".
- Imam Abu-Na'im said that he heard Imam Ibrahim Al-Junaid say that he heard
Imam Shafi'i (radi Allahu anhuma) say: "The new things that are
brought about are two kinds. One kind is that which brought about, inconsistent
with something in the Qur'an or the Sunnah or with some Athaar or I'jma.
This the category of Bid'ah Dalalah (heretic innovation). The second kind
is that which is brought about from good things which are consistent with
any of the above".
- Imam of Imams Izzuddin Ibn Abd al-Salaam (radi Allahu anhu) writes
in his book "Al-Qawa'aid": "Bid'ah is divided into Wajib, Haram,
Mandub, Makruh and Mabah. And the way to know which category it belongs
to, is to examine it together with the laws of Shari'ah. If it falls in
with the laws that deal with what is Wajib, then it is Wajib. If with those
laws that deal with Haram, then it is Haram. If with the laws dealing with
what is Mandub, then it is Mandub. If with the laws dealing with what is
Makruh, then it isMakruh. If with
the laws dealing with what is Mubah, then it is Mubah".
the examination of the statements of these highly renowned scholars of
Islam, we ask: How is it then that what is alleged that the word "Kul"
or "every" includes all kinds of innovations or "Bid'ah" regardless? And
where in the religion of Islam is it stated that there is no "good Bid'ah"
or "good innovation". Hence, the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam) has said: "Whoever introduces a good innovation into the
religion of Islam, will be granted due reward for it and the reward of
those who acts upon it without any reduction in their deeds".
this hadith we find that every Muslim is entitled to introduce a "good
Bid'ah or innovation" as long as it conforms with the test mentioned earlier,
even though the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
did not do it, preach it or practice, in order that he/she could increase
the deeds of goodness and rewards.
we all know as matter of fact, that when ever people want to promote and
advance their ways, they pave the way to spread their falsehood among the
Muslims masses and those who have very limited knowledge by misquoting
what the Imams of Islam have stated or written. It is alleged by those
people who disagreewith Meelad
that Imam Ibn Kathir (radi Allahu anhu) stated in his book "Al-Bi'dayah
Wa Ni'hayah" in Vol.11, p. 172 the following: "It was the Fatimy
Government which ruled Egypt from 357-567 who was responsible for the celebration
say in reply to the above that after having consulted the above reference
we found that it was a sheer lie, for we read that page and we found that
the above is but allegations, deceit and dishonesty when quoting the renowned
scholars of Islam. However, if they insist on the above, we demand that
they produce it before us if there is any truth in what they allege!
me now to quote before you what Imam Ibn Kathir (radi Allahu anhu)
has actually said in the same book "Al-Bi'dayah" Vol.13, p. 136:
Muzaffar used to arrange the celebration of the Meelad Shareef with honour,
glory, dignity and grandeur. In this connection he used to organise a magnificent
festival". Then he said in praise of that man:
"He was a pure-hearted,
brave and wise Aalim (Scholar) and a just ruler, may Allah shower His Mercy
upon him and grant him an exalted status."
Abu-Khattab Ibn Dihyah (radi Allahu anhu) also wrote a book for
him on the Meelad Shareef entitled "Enlightenment on the Birthday of
the Bearer of Good News, the Warner". For this book Sultan Muzaffar
awarded him a gift of one thousand Dinars. He then said: "Every year
his expenditure on the Meelad Shareef amounted to three hundred thousand
carefully, dear brother/sister, such praise which has been conferred by
Ibn Kathir upon that man, where he described him as "a wise Aalim, brave
and pure-hearted" and then concluded by saying "may Allah shower
his Mercy upon him and grant him an exalted status". He did not say
he was a corrupt or evil, he did not say he was committing "Bid'ah" or
deeds which leads a person to be doomed, as it is alleged by those who
reject the celebration of Meelad Shareef.
refer you to that very reference which has been quoted to read further
for yourselves what Imam Ibn Kathir (radi Allahu anhu) has added
in praise of this Sultan.
would strongly recommend as well that you consult what Imam Zahabi (radi
Allahu anhu) in his book "Biography of the Elites", Vol. 22,
p. 336 has said in description of this Sultan: "Sultan Al-Muzaffar was
humble, generous, follower of the Prophet's way and he liked the scholars
and narrators of Hadith".
- Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Suyuti (radi Allahu anhu) in his famous book
Lil-Fatawii" allocated a special chapter on that topic and named it"The
Excellence of Objective in Celebrating the Mawlid" where he said: The
question under consideration is what the verdict of the Shari'ah on celebrating
the Holy Birthday of the Noble Prophet during the month of Rabbi-ul-Awwal.
From the point of view of Shari'ah is this a praiseworthy action or a blameworthy
one? And do those who arrange such celebration receive blessings or not?
said: "The reply to this question is that in my view the Meelad Shareef
(Celebration of the Birthday of the Noble Prophet - sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam - is in fact such an occasion of happiness on which people assemble
and recite the Holy Qu'ran to the extent that is easy. Then they relate
the prophecies concerning the appearance of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu
alaihi wasallam) that have been transmitted in Ahadith and Athar, and the
miraculous events and signs that took place on his birth. Then food is
set before them and according to their desire they partake thereof to satisfaction.
This festival of celebrating the birthday of the Noble Prophet is a Bid'ah
Hasanah (good innovation) and those arranging it will get blessing, since
in such a celebration is found the expression of joy and happiness at the
greatness and eminence of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
and his birth".
- Even Ibn Tay'miah said in his book "Necessity of the Right Path", p. 266,
5th line from the bottom of that page, published by Dar Al-Hadith, the
following: "As far as what people do during the Meelad, either as a
rival celebration to that which the Christian do during the time of Christ's
birthday or as an expression of their love and admiration and a sign of
praise for the Noble Prophet, Allah will surely reward them for such Ij'tiha".
then said: "Although Meelad was not practised by (Salaf), they should
have done so since there was no objection against it from the Shari'ah
point of view".
we certainly only celebrate Meelad out of love and admiration to the Prophet
of all Mankind.
- Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar (radi Allahu anhu) was asked, same reference
of Imam Suyuti (radi Allahu anhu), about Meelad Shareef. His reply
was: "Meelad Shareef is, in fact, and innovation, which was not transmitted
from any pious predecessor in the first three centuries. Nevertheless,
both acts of virtue as well as acts of abomination are found in it (i.e.
sometimes acts of virtue are found therein and sometimes acts of abomination).
If in the Meelad Shareef only acts of virtue are done and acts of abomination
are abstained from, then the Meelad Shareef is a Bid'ah Hasanah (good innovation),
otherwise not." He then added "... to do any virtuous act and to
observe it annually as means of recollection for any special day on which
Allah Ta'ala has bestowed any favour or removed any calamity is a form
of showing gratitude to Allah. Gratitude to Allah Ta'ala is expressed through
different kinds of Ibaadah (worship) -prostration and standing in prayer,
charity and recitation of the Holy Qu'ran. And what is a greater favour
from Allah can there be than the appearance of the Prophet of Mercy (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam) on this day (i.e. 12th of Rabbi-ul-Awwal)?"
people do not limit it and celebrate the Meelad Shareef on any day of Rabbi-ul-Awwal.
Nay, some people have extended it even more and increased the period to
the whole year. According to the latter, the Meelad Shareef can be celebrated
on any day of the year. The objective here is the same, i.e. to rejoice
at and celebrate the Holy Birth of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi
- Imam Abu-Bakr Abdullah Al-Demashqi (radi Allahu anhu) compiled a
number of books on the subject and called them "Collection of Traditions
on the Birth of the Chosen Prophet", "The Pure Expression on the
Birthday of the Best of Creations" and "The Spring for the Thirsty
One on the Birth of the Rightly Guided".
- Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Iraqi (radi Allahu anhu) wrote a book and called
it "The Pure Spring on the Sublime Birth".
- Imam Ibn Dahyah (radi Allahu anhu) wrote a book and called it
on the Birthday of the Bearer of Good News, The Warner".
- Imam Mulla Ali Qari (radi Allahu anhu) wrote a book and called it
Quenching Spring on the Birthday of the Prophet".
- Imam Shams Ul-Din bin Naser Al-Dumashqi (radi Allahu anhu), said
in his book "The Spring for the Thirsty One on the Birth of the Rightly
Guided" about the story of Abu Lahab that he will receive a light punishment
every Monday for expressing joy at the birth of the Noble Prophet (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam) on that day. The Imam said the following verse
of poetry, the translation of the above is:
such Kafir was denounced in the (Qur'an)
perished are his hands, and in the Flames is his eternal abode
is narrated that every Monday
torment is made easy for his Joy at the Birth of Ahmad
is the expectation then of a servant who spent all his life
with the Arrival of Ahmad and died on the Oneness of Allah.
- Imam Shams Ul-Din Ibn al-Jazri (radi Allahu anhu), the Imam of Reciters,
wrote a book and named it "The Scent of Notification on the Blessed
- Imam Al-Hafiz Ibn Al-Jawzi (radi Allahu anhu), said in the description
of Meelad: "Peace and Tranquillity takes over during that year and a
good glad tiding to obtain your wish and inspiration".
- Imam Abu-Shamah, The Sheik of Al Hafiz Al Nawawi (radi Allahu anhuma),
said: "The best of the innovations of our times is what is carried out
on the day of corresponding to the birthday of our Beloved Prophet (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam), where people give out donations, practice what
is right, express their joy and happiness, in doing so is surely a sign
of love and admiration for the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)".
- Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Qastalani (radi Allahu anhu), who gave commentary
on Sahih Bukhari, said: "May Allah shower his Mercy upon a person who
takes the days of the month of Rabbi-ul-Awwal, in which the Noble Prophet
(radi Allahu anhu) was born, as days of feast and celebration for doing
so is the best cure for the heart of an ailing person."
all of the above, there is yet another false accusation, i.e. THOSE
WHO OPPOSE MEELAD SHAREEF CLAIM THAT IF MEELAD WAS PART OF "DEEN", THEN
SURELY THE PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) WOULD HAVE DONE
IT HIMSELF AND HE WOULD HAVE MADE IT CLEAR FOR THE PEOPLE TO CELEBRATE
everything which the Prophet or his Companions did not do would ultimately
make things "Haraam". Since the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
himself said: "He who introduces a new good Sunnah in Islam will be
rewarded for it ..."
Shafi'i (radi Allahu anhu) said: "Anything which enjoys the backing
of Shari'ah cannot be an innovation even if the Companions did not practice
it, because their abstention from doing something may have been due to
a particular reason which was there at that time, or they have left it
to something which happens to be better, or perhaps news about a particular
them did not reach them all".
whosoever alleges that this thing is Haraam on the basis that the Noble
Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not practice it, then surely
he has alleged something which has no foundation or backing in Shari'ah
and thus his allegation is refuted and rejected.
should be noted that, according to your allegations you have stated, i.e.
That every person who innovates or brings about into action that which
the Prophet or the Companion did not do, means that this person
has in fact introduced something bad into the religion, will be interpreted
that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not fulfil "the
Deen" for his "Umah" and the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)
did not convey what was ought to be conveyed to the Muslims! and whoever
believes in that is a "Kaafir".
say, "We condemn you from your own words", because you have brought and
practised so many innovation which the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam) or the Companions never practised nor preached, not even
"Salaf" ever do them.
name just a few and not all:
- To gather collectively the Muslims to pray behind one Imam during "Tarawih
Prayers", at the two Sacred Mosques and other Mosques.
- Reading the "Du's" at the conclusion of finishing the recitation of the
Holy Qur'an during "Tarawih Prayers" and "Tahajjud Prayers".
- Allocating the 27th night of Ramadaan to recite the whole Quran at the
two Sacred Mosques.
- The Caller for Azaan saying when announcing to the people the commencement
of the Tarawih Prayers the following, "Raise up for Tarawih Prayers, May
Allah reward you".
- Claiming that "Tarawih Prayers or Divinity" is divided into three Parts.
this a Prophetic saying, or the saying of one of the Companions or of the
Four Imams? And many other things such as the formation of the committees
for "Enjoying what is Good and Forbidding what is Evil", establishment
of universities, Association for memorisation of the Holy Quran, Offices
of Dawah and "Special Week of Masha'yekh". Hence, we do not raise objections
to these things since they are in place for serving Islam. Let us add that
these things are all "Bid'ah" but we acknowledge that they are "good Bid'ah".
is alleged that since the Birthday of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam) is the same as his demise, therefore, expressing joy on that
day is no better than expressing grieve over his demise and if the religion
of Islam was to be applied on the basis of one's opinion, then we are bound
to show grief during this day and not happiness!
will leave the rebut of such crooked argument to none other than Imam Suyuti
Allahu anhu) himself, where he said in his famous book "Al-Hawaii
Lil-Fatawii", p. 193, the following: "The birthday of the Noble
Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the greatest favour of Allah
granted to us, and that his demise is the greatest affliction for us. However,
Shari'ah has encouraged us to show gratitude for favours and has taught
us to observe patient perserverence, silence and calm in the face of afflictions.
The Shari'ah has ordered us to offer "Aqiqa" on the birth of a child which
is an expression of happiness and gratitude for favours and has taught
us to observe patience, silence and calm in the face of afflictions. But
the Shari'ah has not ordered us to sacrifice an animal on the death of
someone nor to do such action. On the contrary, it has prohibited wailing
and lamentation. Thus, the laws of Shari'ah indicate that to exhibit happiness
in this Holy month in connection with the birth of the Noble Prophet (sallal
laahu alaihi wasallam), is better than showing grief at his demise."
Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasalalm) foretold about the
coming of such people in the Hadith narrated by "Abu-Yaa'li" on the authority
of "Huzaifah" who said:
Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: "What I fear
most for you, is a man who reads the Qur'an until such time when the blessing
of Qur'an is reflected on him and he takes Islam as his Cloak ... he then
turns around and strips himself off from Islam and then tosses it away
behind his back, then he heads quickly towards his neighbour with his sword
unsheathed and he calls him a 'Mushrik'" I said: "O, Prophet of Allah!
Who is more worthy of being called a Mushrik the one being attacked or
the attacker". He replied, "It is indeed the attacker."
end this research on a happy note let me draw your attention to the following
Hadith: The Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has himself
indicated the excellence of this great month and day in reply to a questioner.
When the questioner wanted to find out about fasting on Mondays, the Noble
Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied: "That is the
day on which I was BORN".